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The energy sector plays an increasingly important role in Latin American greenhouse gas emissions. Meanwhile, national energy policymaking can lock in infrastructure, garner trust in low-carbon development, and substantiate international climate policy rhetoric. This report overviews the intersection of energy and climate policies in five countries in Latin America and the Caribbean: Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru. Comparing the successes and obstacles of national energy agendas sheds light on how these countries could enhance their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.